Attn: Undergraduates, Hurry! Last Chance to Finish A Degree in College thru ETEEAP by CHED

Updated as of October 25, 2018 (ETEEAP is on-going)

Have you given up your diploma in college? Can you imagine yourself in first day high again? Do you wish to finish your college degree but finds it impossible due to time constraint and soaked at work? This is the answer to the dream you have been planning all these years. You have until Summer 2018 to enroll! I learned about this Memorandum of the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) only last July 2017. Read more about CMO 54 Series of 2016 the Revised Policies, Standards and Guidelines for the Implementation of the Expanded Tertiary Education Equivalency and Accreditation Program (ETEEAP) for Undergraduate Programs . It is supported by the Executive Order 330. Download to learn more about EXECUTIVE-ORDER-330.

According to the CHED,

The ETEEAP (Expanded Tertiary Education Equivalency and Accreditation Program) is a comprehensive educational assessment program at the tertiary level that recognizes, accredits and gives equivalencies to knowledge, skills, attitudes and values gained by individuals from relevant work. It is implemented through deputized higher education institutions that shall award the appropriate college degree.

Beneficiaries must be Filipinos who are at least high school graduates. They must have worked for at least five years in the field or industry related to the academic program they are obtaining an equivalency. They must also be able to show proof of proficiency, capability and thorough knowledge in the field applied for equivalency.
While NTSP (Non-Traditional Study Program) is a self-study program wherein the student’s educational background, work experiences, and achievements are evaluated and accredited through a rating system that leads to the completion of an undergraduate and graduate degree.
A self-paced study program wherein modules, independent researches and other instructional materials are laid down by the college and administered by learning facilitators who help enhance the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of the students. The final requirement is a paper presentation based on the field of specialization of the student. (Non-Trad info from PUP, which they are offering)
In short, this is for aspiring enrollees who have not finished their degree course and are not holding a professional or managerial position. I learned about this from the POC of PUP.
never give up
These are the Higher Education Institutions (HEI) and Degree Programs offered nationwide that were AUTHORIZED by the CHED for ETEEAP: (as of October 2017)
Credit to Ms. Geraldine of CHED – ETEEAP (Main Office)
Baguio Central University (BCU)
Bachelor of Secondary Education; Bachelor of Arts; Bachelor of Sciences
University of the Cordilleras
Bachelor of Laws; BS Crim; BS Education; Bachelor of Arts; Bachelor of
Sciences; BS Engineering; BS Architecture; BS Com Science; BSBA
University of Baguio (UB)
Bachelor of Arts; BSEd; BEEd; BS Commerce; BS Engineering; BS
Criminology; BS HRM; BS Computer Science
De La Salle – College of Saint Benilde
BS in Hotel, Restaurant & Institutional Management
Philippine Normal University (PNU)
BEEd; BSEd; BS Math Teaching; BS Chem Teaching; BS Physics Teaching;
AB Psych; AB English; BSE in English; Bachelor in Early Childhood
Polytechnic University of the Philippines (PUP)
Bachelor of Applied Sociology; Bachelor in Bus Ad; AB Public Ad; AB Pol
Sci; AB Mass Com; Bachelor in Cooperatives; BS Office Admin;
Saint Joseph’s College – Quezon City
AB in Community Dev’t; BS Office Admin; BS Business Admin
Technological University of the Philippines (TUP)
Bachelor of Technology; BS Industrial Education; Bachelor of Technician
Teacher Ed; BS Computer Science
Philippine Women’s University (PWU)
BS Hotel & Restaurant Management, AB Communication Arts,
Bachelor of Fine Arts, major in Advertising
AB Social Development, BS Business Administration,
Bachelor of Music Majors in Popular Music, Music Education
and Music Performance
Lyceum of the Philippines University-Manila
Bachelor of Arts, BS Psychology, BS Hotel & Restaurant Management,
BS Business Administration, BS International Travel &
Tourism Management, BS Computer Engineering, BS Information
New Era University
BS in Education, BS Business Administration
San Sebastian College – Recoletos
BS Business Administration, BS Psychology,
AB Mass Communication, AB Political Science
Arellano University
Bachelor in Secondary Education, AB Psychology,
AB Political Science, AB English, AB History,
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
St. Jude College
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
St. Paul University Manila
Bachelor of Music in Music Education, Bachelor of Music in Piano/
Voice/Guitar/Violin/Marimba/Piano Accompanying/Chamber Music
University of Perpetual Help System – DALTA
Bachelor of Arts in Communication, Bachelor of Science in Hotel and
Restaurant Management, Bachelor of Science in Business Administration
Region I
Divine Word College of Laoag (DWCL)
Bachelor of Arts; BS Education; BS Commerce; BS in Civil Eng’g
Don Mariano Marcos Mem. State University (DMMMSU)
BS Agri; Bachelor of Technology; BS Education
Lyceum Northwestern University
Bachelor of Arts; BS Commerce
Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU)
Bachelor of Arts; Bachelor of Sciences
Northwestern University
BS Criminology
Pangasinan State University (PSU)
BS Education; BS Agri; Bachelor of Technology; BS Fisheries
Saint Louis College – CSFU
BS Geodetic Eng’g; BS Architecture; BS Civil Eng’g; BS Secretarial Admin
University of Luzon
BS Criminology
University of Northern Philippines (UNP)
BS Criminology; BS Nursing; BS Fine Arts; BS Social Work
University of Pangasinan (UPang)
BS Education; BS Civil Eng’g; BS Commerce; BS Nursing; Bachelor of Arts
Panpacific University North Philippines
Bachelor of Science in Education, Bachelor of Elementary Education,
Bachelor of Science in Criminology
Colegio De Dagupan
BS in Information Technology, BS in Computer Science,
Bachelor of Secondary Education, Bachelor of Elementary Education,
BS in Business Administration
Region II
Cagayan Valley University (formerly CCT)
BS Criminology
Cagayan State University (CSU)
BSEd; BEEd; BS in Industrial Ed; AB Public Admin
Isabela State University (ISU)
BS Education; BS Agriculture
PLT College
BS Criminology
University of Saint Louis-Tuguegarao
BS Eng’g; BS Architecture; BS Accountancy; BS Information Technology;
BSEd; BEEd; Bachelor of Arts; BS Commerce
Saint Ferdinand’s College
BS Criminology
Saint Mary’s University
BS Commerce; BEEd; BSEd; BS Geodetic Eng’g; BSIT;
BS in Civil Engineering, AB Journalism,
Saint Paul University – Philippines
Bachelor of Arts; BS Bio; BS Psych; BS Math; BS Eng’g; BS Bus Admin; BS
HRM; BS in Nutrition and Dietetics; BS Information Technology; BS
Office Management
University of La Salette
BS Physical Therapy; BS Nursing; BS Criminology; BS Eng’g; Bachelor of
Arts; BS Computer and Information Science; BS Psych; BS Library
Science; BS Education; BS Accountancy; BS Bus Admin; BS in Office and
Secretarial Administration
Region III
Angeles University Foundation (AUF)
BS Administration; BS Office Administration; BS Criminology
Central Luzon State University (CLSU)
BS Education; BS Agriculture; BS Fisheries; BS Engineering
Holy Angel University
AB Industrial Psych; BSBA in Bus Mgt.; BS Office Admin
Araullo University
BS Criminology
Pampanga Agricultural College
BS Agri Eng’g; BS Agri; BSEd; BEEd
La Consolacion University Philippines(formerly Univ. of Regina Carmeli)
Liberal Arts, Bachelor of Secondary Education, Bachelor of Elementary
Education, BS in Business Administration
Region IV-A
Adventist University of the Philippines (AUP)
BS Nursing; BS Education; BS Com Sci; BS Accountancy
Cavite State University (CvSU)
BS Agriculture; BS Business Management; BS Agricultural Engineering;
AB Mass Communication; Bachelor of Elementary Education; Bachelor
of Secondary Education; BS HRM
Manuel S. Enverga University Foundation (MSEUF)
Bachelor of Arts; Bachelor of Sciences; BS Education; BS Business
Administration; BS Criminology; Engineering Programs;
BS Hotel & Restaurant Management
University of Batangas
BEEd; BSEd; AB Pol Sci; BS Com Sci; BS Engineering; BS Commerce; AB
Psychology; BS Hotel & Restaurant Management; BS Office Administration
Lyceum of the Philippines University – Batangas
Bachelor of Science in Nursing, BS in Business Administration and
BS in Hotel and Restaurant Management; BS Criminology
BS in Information Technology
Calayan Educational Foundation, Inc.
Liberal Arts Programs
Region IV-B
Holy Trinity University
BS Criminology
Palawan State University
BS in Business Administration and BS in Petroleum Engineering
Region V
Aquinas University
Bachelor of Arts; Bachelor of Sciences; BS Commerce; BS in Business
Administration; BS in Management Education; BS Education
Ateneo de Naga University
BSBA in Management; BSBA in Financial Accounting
Bicol College
BS Criminology
Bicol University
BS Fisheries; BS Automotive Technology; BS Nursing; AB Com Arts; BS
Agricultural Technology; BS Computer Science
Central Bicol State University of Agriculture (formerly CSSAC)
BS Agriculture
Universidad de Sta. Isabel
BS Education; Bachelor of Arts; BS Commerce; BS Accountancy; BS
Nursing; BS Physical Therapy; BS Social Work
Naga College Foundation
BS Criminology
Sorsogon State College
Bachelor in Technology; Bachelor in Agricultural Technology; BS in
Agricultural Development; Bachelor of Fishery Education; BS Management
University of Nueva Caceres
BS Commerce; BS Engineering; Bachelor of Education
University of Saint Anthony
BS Criminology; BS Commerce; BS Education
Region VI
La Consolacion College – Bacolod City
Bachelor of Arts in English; Bachelor of Science in Commerce; Bachelor of
Science in Hospitality Management
Technological University of the Philippines – Visayas
BS Engineering
University of Iloilo
BS Criminology
University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos
BS Criminology; Bachelor of Secondary Education;
Bachelor of Elementary Education
Region VII
Cebu Doctor’s University
BS Computer Science; BS Biology
Cebu Institute of Technology- University
BS Education; BS Commerce; BS Engineering
Cebu Normal University
BS in Elementary Education; BS in Secondary Education
Silliman University
BS Nursing
Southwestern University
BS Engineering; BS Computer Science; BS Commerce
University of Cebu
BS Criminology; BS in Business Administration; BS Engineering
University of San Jose – Recoletos
BS Education; Bachelor of Arts; Bachelor of Sciences; BS Commerce;
BS Engineering
University of the Visayas
BS Criminology; BS Engineering; BS Commerce
Bachelor of Secondary Education, Bachelor of Elementary Education
Negros Oriental State University
BS Criminology; AB Mass Communication, BS Business Administration
Region VIII
Leyte Normal University
BS Education
University of Eastern Philippines
BS Nursing; BS Community Development; BS Agriculture; BS Fisheries; BS
Forestry; Bachelor of Sciences; BS Mathematics
Asian Development Foundation College
Bachelor of Science in Information Technology
Region IX
Universidad de Zamboanga
Bachelor of Arts; Bachelor of Elementary Education; Bachelor of Secondary
Education; BS Commerce; BS Criminology; Bachelor in Agriculture
Region X
Capitol University
Bachelor of Arts; BS Education; BS Commerce
Cagayan de Oro College
BS Criminology
Mindanao University of Science and Technolology (formerly MPSC)
BS Information Technology; BS Industrial Education; BS Engineering;
Misamis Institute of Technology
BS Marine Transportation; BS Engineering; BS Customs Administration; BS
Accountancy; AB Mass Communication; BS Computer Science; BS
Industrial Education; BS Office Administration; AB English
MSU-Iligan Institute of Technology
BS Education; Bachelor of Arts; Bachelor of Sciences; BS Criminology
Xavier University
BS Engineering; BS Commerce
Liceo De Cagayan University
AB Economics, AB International Studies, AB Mass Communication, AB
Political Science; AB Literature and Performing Arts majors in Dance,
English Literature, Theater; BSBA majors in Financial Management, Human
Resource Development Management, Marketing Management
Region XI
University of Southeastern Philippines
Bachelor in Elementary Education; Bachelor of Technology;
BS in Forestry, Bachelor of Technical Teacher Education majors in:
Mechanical, Electrical and Civil Technology; Bachelor of Industrial
Technology majors in Automotive, Electrical, Civil and
Mechanical Technology
University of the Immaculate Conception
BS Pharmacy; BS in Elementary Education; BS in Secondary Education;
BS Commerce in Marketing
University of Mindanao –Tagum
Bachelor of Science in Criminology
University of Mindanao –Matina Campus
Bachelor of Science in Criminology
Region XII
Holy Trinity College of General Santos City
BS Criminology
Notre Dame of Marbel University
BS in Elementary Education; BS in Secondary Education; BS Commerce
Notre Dame University
BS Education; Bachelor of Arts; Bachelor of Sciences; BS Commerce;
BS Accountancy
Ramon Magsaysay Memorial College
BS Criminology
University of Southern Mindanao
BS Agriculture
Saint Joseph Institute of Technology
Bachelor of Arts; Bachelor of Commerce,
Bachelor of Science in Criminology

e learning

It is best to contact them directly for inquiries. Just like the Angeles University Foundation, it is on the list but the 2 lady personnel I have spoken to over the phone, answered that ETEEAP is not offered at their university. I called their 2 contact numbers for verification of info, I got the same answers. I did not ask further.

These are the questions I have for them in every inquiry I made:

  1. Programs offered (not all are on the list)
  2. Requirements for admission
  3. Enrollment ongoing?
  4. Tuition and other related fees
  5. Active contact number and POC for ETEEAP

Based on my experience, every school has different lists of requirements to be submitted for  ETEEAP admission. Some has a looong list and other lists are possibly you have readily available documents. What I did was search online the schools, get their emails and jot down their contact numbers until I reached the correct department. It requires patience as well.

The Higher Education Institution will require you to take an Assessment and PERSONAL interview. You must consider the proximity of your chosen HEI. Some may instruct the student to perform a demonstration/demo or practical exam on a face to face set up. And lastly, you will visit the university on your graduation day! It will be your choice if you will march towards the stage to receive your diploma. But, why not? You worked hard for it, right? So, the proximity should be considered. Agree?

laptop work school

Basically, after the assessment, interview and enrollment, the contact numbers of the professors assigned to the specified subjects will be provided. From then, the student and the professor will exchange communication as to the details of sending the modules, schedule of exams, submission of chapter tests, etc. Everything will be online since the thought of you as an employed student is considered. That is what the ETEEAP is all about.

I have inquired to the POC’s of Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Angeles University Foundation, Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University, Mariano Marcos State University and Pangasinan State University. Each of them varies with regard to requirements and fees. Some have just been Googled but never contacted yet at this point of writing. I will update if I gather any relevant information. I hope the CHED will extend the time frame allotted for undergraduates to finally finish their studies and get that diploma everyone has dream of.

I am not the perfect person to ask further about ETEEAP, but feel free to send me a personal message or comment down below. I will try to answer as quick and as accurate as possible. If I cannot address your queries, I apologize in advance. I have also just learn about ETEEAP. (Disclaimer)


I inquired with CHED directly if the ETEEAP has been extended. They replied to visit a link with their details about ETEEAP and other downloadable forms. Please see screenshot below.


Getting this reply means the ETEEAP program is on-going. So, hurry now and follow the steps to your dreams.

Please spread the word and like my Facebook page for more. 🙂 Good luck students!


CHED Urges College Leavers to Finish Studies by 2018

QUEZON CITY – The Commission on Higher Education (CHED) called on students who graduated from high school prior to the implementation of the K to 12 program, as well those who have yet to finish their undergraduate degrees, to enroll in college on or before school year 2017-2018 as the country shift to a new educational system.

Through a memorandum dated 13 July 2015, CHED Chair Patricia Licuanan said that the CHED Commission En Banc passed Resolution No. 264, series of 2015 which allows students “who graduated from high school prior to 2016, under the basic education curriculum before K12, and who failed to complete their undergraduate degrees, to enroll and finish their baccalaureate degrees from SYs 2016-2017 to 2017-2018, as a ‘last chance to go to college,’ subject to the policies of their respective higher education institution.”


In a facebook post, the CHED K to 12 Transition Program clarified that the Lifelong Learner Track aims to give assistance for higher education attainment of students who graduated from high school under the old curriculum before the K to 12 reform was implemented.

“All students who enter or return to college from SY 2018-2019 onwards will be presumed to have graduated from Senior High School. If you have previously taken college courses, the college or university you enroll in may credit them, consistent with the systems and policies of individual schools in terms of crediting,” it read.

CHED also added that they commissioned the Philippine Survey and Research Center, Inc. (PSRC) to conduct a study on the potential students under the Lifelong Learner Track. “The research addresses the longstanding need for a proper study on out of school youth, and how the education sector, particularly higher education, can best respond to their needs,” they said.


Resume Template of a Fresh Graduate

Are you a high school graduate or a college graduate? And you need to write your first resume? I am very happy to help you out. Hey that is customer service indeed. Let’s start your journey as an applicant.

Let us start with high school/college graduates with no work experience at all. You may be are too worried on how to make your first resume look good. The BPO (Business Process Outsource) industry is getting more competitive. The same goes for other industries. You have to sell yourself and show that you are the best candidate for the post. Here is a guide in writing your first resume:

Lazada Philippines
First Section: Contact Information

  • Use your full name and not your Nick name. Ex. Maria de Leon
  • No need for full address, baranggay and city will do. Ex. Manggahan, Pasig City
  • Use your mobile number and not your home number or somebody elses ex. 09xx xxx xxxx
  • Indicate professional email and avoid unprofessional ones such as An email address with your name is good. Ex.
  • You may include substantial network such as your LinkedIn url.

Second Section: Personal Branding Statement

The employers want to see what you as an applicant can do for them and not what you want from them. You have to show what you offer and how you are different from the other candidates. It should be inspiring and catchy like below: (Source:

I have a passion for customer service and I can create innovative solutions to keep customers committed to your brand and have them coming back for more.

You can also add actions to your branding like below: (Source:

I help companies drive profits and improve their reputation through innovative customer service solutions, never saying no, and not closing an interaction until satisfaction is achieved.

Your branding statement should be unconventional. Only you know how to brand yourself. Here are points to consider:

  • Keep it short and simple. All should be about your customer service skills.
  • Terms like passionate, committed, emphatic, creative, energetic, focused, aligned, intuitive, innovative, collaborative are strong words to consider in writing your resume. You should also brag about your problem-solving skills.
  • Focus on customer service skills. Mention what is impressive and not what is he business in general.

Third Section: Education

One of he qualifications is being a graduate. For high school graduates, you may include your primary, middle school and high school institution including the years and city where it is located. For college graduates, you may include the course you finished.

Fourth Section: Skills Summary/Qualifications

Since you do not have work experience yet, this is the next section of your resume. I will write another blog with experience section for non-newbie. This should have only 10 at most bullet points with word/phrases. Include the most relevant skills, not all. Highlight any Honors received while in school. Your entry-level resume should include ALL  the community service activities you engaged in. List also the part time jobs and internship. If you have Technical Skills, you may add those.

Lazada Philippines
Fifth Section: Seminars/Training Attended

You are a newbie, there is no work experience to flaunt yet. Yet, it is necessary to include the training and seminars you attended with connection to your education and the job you are applying for if possible. State the Title of the Training, Location, and Date (Month and Year will do). Make sure you have the certificates with you to present on the schedule of your interview.

Last Section: Reference

The reference section should not include any member of your family. The reference will possibly be contacted to ask about you and your background.These people will serve as the basis if the information written on your resume are true and valid. You may include 3 names with their profession, place of work and contact number. As a fresh graduate, you may include your professors or any one who knows you who can say attest to what is written on your resume. You can also say, “Will be provided upon request.” But, make sure you have it listed.

Remember not to use funky fonts. Arial font style  at 11 font size will do. Your resume should look as professional as possible. An image or 2×2 picture attached on the resume is not required at all. There are some cases that it affects the impression of the recruiter/interviewer to the applicant. I am speaking in general.

Below is an example of a resume. Feel free to add your personal details & achievements.

maria de leon

Fresh Graduate Resume

22kb size


Hit LIKE on my Facebook page if you find this blog post helpful. You may leave a comment below once you get hired, so you can inspire someone.

Disclaimer: Details written on the resume are fictional. Apologies if any info matches anyone’s information.


Steps to Register as Professional with BIR

How to register with the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) as a self-employed professional in the Philippines? A self-employed individual can be either a person who is engaged in business (sole proprietorship) or a person who practice his profession. In this article, we will tackle the registration of professionals with the BIR. Recently, I have received a lot of questions from freelancers regarding with their taxability. I have also encountered some Filipino online money earners (bloggers, web designers and other online service providers) on online forums, discussing about whether they should register with the BIR and pay their taxes or not. My other tax articles, especially the article about “how to compute income tax of self-employed persons” have also received comments from freelancers who want to register with the BIR and pay their taxes for the first time. To address those questions, let’s start our discussion.

Who are considered as professionals?

Professionals are those who practice their profession or calling, “with or without” license under a regulatory board or body. Professionals with license under a regulatory board include Certified Public Accountants (CPAs), practicing lawyers, doctors of medicines, dentists, architects, engineers and teachers. Bloggers, internet marketers, web designers, writers and other persons who provide specialized services can also be considered professionals, though they may not have professional licenses under a regulatory body. Professionals, for the purpose of this article, are self-employed individuals, and exclude those who are earning purely from compensation income (purely employees).

Should professionals register with the BIR?

Section 236 (j) of the Tax Code, states that any person, whether natural or juridical, required under the authority of the Internal Revenue Code to make, render or file a return, statement or other documents, shall be supplied with or assigned a Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) to be indicated in the return, statement or document to be filed with the Bureau of Internal Revenue, for his proper identification for tax purposes. Thus, professionals who are required to file tax returns, like income tax return, should register and obtain a TIN with the BIR. Remember that you cannot file your income tax return without a TIN – the TIN must be indicated in the tax return.

Who are not required to file income tax return?

Let’s take a look on the following list of individuals who are not required to file income tax return, and let’s see if professionals and freelancers are also required to file income tax return.

Individuals who are not required to file income tax return.

(1) An individual who is a minimum wage earner (visit this DOLE page to see the current regional daily minimum wage rates).
(2) An individual whose gross income does not exceed his total personal and additional exemptions
(3). An individual whose compensation income derived from one employer does not exceed P 60,000 and the income tax on which has been correctly withheld
(4). An individual whose income has been subjected to final withholding tax (alien employee as well as Filipino employee occupying the same position as that of the alien employee of regional headquarters and regional operating headquarters of multinational companies, petroleum service contractors and sub-contractors and offshore-banking units, non-resident aliens not engaged in trade or business)
(5). Those who are qualified under “substituted filing”. However, substituted filing applies only if all of the following requirements are present:

a) the employee received purely compensation income (regardless of amount) during the taxable year
b) the employee received the income from only one employer in the Philippines during the taxable year
c) the amount of tax due from the employee at the end of the year equals the amount of tax withheld by the employer
d) the employee’s spouse also complies with all 3 conditions stated above
e) the employer files the annual information return (BIR Form No. 1604-CF)
f) the employer issues BIR Form No. 2316 (Oct 2002 ENCS version ) to each employee.

Take note that Items 3 and 5 pertains to employees, and item 4 also usually pertain to employees (though an individual whose total income is only derived from interest on bank deposits, which is subjected to final withholding tax, can be included in this item). Number 1 may also refer to employees, since the term “wage” according to the Labor Code is defined as all remuneration or earnings paid by an employer to a worker for his services rendered. Thus, we can tell that self-employed individuals, such as professionals, may not only be required to file income tax return if they are qualified under the condition in number 2, i.e., if his or her gross income does not exceed his total personal and additional exemptions. For example, if you are a single person whose gross income only amounts to Php 50,000 during the taxable year, you are not required to file income tax return because your gross income for the year doesn’t exceed your personal exemption of P 50,000 (for single taxpayers). Gross income means the difference of your total Sales/Receipts/Revenues/Fees minus your total Cost of Sales/Services. So if you averages monthly gross income of P 4,500 (P 54,000 a year), and you’re single with no dependents, you’ve got to file you income tax (BIR form 1701/ 1701Q).

What are the benefits and advantages of professionals who register with the BIR?

If you are a professional, who’s required to register as a self-employed individual, but still not registered with the BIR and not filing income tax returns, the following are the things you must consider.

1. Your annual income tax return (BIR form 1701) will serve as you proof of earnings, which you can use for obtaining loans with different institutions, such as banks, credit cooperatives, lending companies, SSS and PAG-IBIG. You can also use it to apply for credit cards.
2. By being registered with the BIR and having official receipts (OR) under your name, your clients will have more confidence of getting your services.
3. You can save money in the future by paying your taxes on time and avoiding penalties, such as interests, surcharges and compromise.
4. You will not be charged with tax evasion, which is punishable by the law.
5. and other ethical and moral benefits, such as having a clear conscience and having good night sleeps.

How to change from being a pure employee to a self-employed individual?

If you are previously employed and have recently decided to escape from employment and become your own boss, you may be asking how to change your status as a pure employee to a self-employed taxpayer? Usually, employees have already their TIN numbers. Thus, their existing TIN will remain as their tax identification numbers for tax purposes (you can only have one TIN in your entire life). Individuals who are both practicing their profession and at the same time employed with a company/employer (those who receive mixed income from practice of profession and compensation income) are also considered self-employed taxpayers for registration and tax purposes. Please read below the procedures and requirements for registration of professionals.

Steps and requirements for registering with the BIR

Tax Forms you will use (click on the form to download)

BIR Form 1901- Application for Registration for Mixed Income Individuals, Estates and Trusts
BIR Form 0605 – Annual registration fee
BIR Form No. 1906 – Authority to Print for applying Invoices/Receipts

You also need to provide books of accounts (simplified books of accounts or journals and ledgers) for registration with the BIR.

Documentary Requirements

1. Birth Certificate or any documents showing name, address, and birth date;
2. Mayor’s Permit, if applicable;
3. DTI Certificate of Business Name to be submitted prior to issuance of the Certificate of Registration or BIR Form No. 2303, if applicable (if you choose to not register a trade name and only choose to use your name as the registered name, you don’t need to submit DTI certificate;
4. Professional Regulation Commission ID, if applicable; and
5. Payment of Professional Tax Receipt (PTR) from the local government, if applicable

Steps / Procedures
1.) Accomplish BIR Form 1901 and submit the same, together with the required attachments, to the Revenue District Office having jurisdiction over the registered address of the business establishment. If you already have a TIN, then supply your TIN on the form. Your application as a self-employed person will be faster if you already have an existing TIN.

Note: The Professional may electronically secure TIN through e-TIN at the BIR Website at or the BIR Portal at

2.) Pay the registration fee of P500.00 using BIR Form 0605 (Payment Form) to any Authorized Agent Bank (AAB) located within the RDO

3.) Pay P 15.00 for the Certification Fee and P15.00 for the Documentary Stamp Tax (in loose form to be attached to Form 2303).

4.) Attend the required taxpayer’s briefing at the RDO before the release of the BIR Certificate of Registration (COR) or BIR Form No. 2303, which reflects the returns that must be filed and the taxes to be paid. The BIR will also provide you An “Ask for a Receipt” Notice (ARN), which must be posted conspicuously in your office or business establishment, together with your COR (BIR form 2303), Application for registration (BIR form 1901 for self-employed) and current registration payment form (BIR form 0605).

5.) Apply for Invoices/Receipts using BIR Form No. 1906 – Authority to Print. Usually, the BIR accredited printing press who will print your receipts can assist you on the registration of your official receipts or invoices. Your receipts or invoices should be serially numbered. It also indicates your name, business style (profession), TIN and your registered business /office address.

Receipts or invoices shall be issued by the Professional for every payment received. The original of each receipt or invoice shall be issued to the client at the time the transaction is effected and the duplicate shall be preserved in the place of business for a period of 3 years from the close of the taxable year.

6.) Register books of accounts (Journal / Ledger / Subsidiary Professional Income Book and Subsidiary Purchases/Expenses Book) and have them stamped by the RDO where the Professional is registered. Professionals are required to maintain books of accounts using any acceptable method of accounting (accrual or cash basis) in a consistent manner. The same shall be preserved within the prescriptive period (3 years from the close of taxable year) for post audit examination.

For professionals whose quarterly revenues exceed one hundred fifty thousand pesos (P150,000.00), they shall have their books of accounts audited and examined by an independent Certified Public Accountant (CPA) in order to give an independent opinion regarding its financial condition. In addition, their annual returns shall be accompanied with certified balance sheets, profit and loss statements and other relevant documents.



How to Register your Business

Perhaps you started it as a hobby. You’re doing it part-time. You didn’t expect that you will earn money from it. You’re just doing it at home and you have set up a home office. Now, you want to make your home-based business legal. You want to register your small business. You want to have official receipts and invoices so that you can expand your business, get more customers, and issue such invoices to them. You also want to pay taxes and have income tax returns, which you can use for loan application and other purposes. But you don’t know what to do and don’t know where to go.

If you’re planning to register your home-based business in the Philippines, here are some tips on how to do it:


In the Philippines, businesses can usually be formed as a sole proprietorship, partnership or corporation. Partnership and corporations are required to register with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), while sole proprietorship is required to register with the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) for it’s trade name registration. The two most common forms of companies in the Philippines are single proprietorship and corporation, although there are also a number of Filipinos who register a company as a partnership.

Corporations are required to submit regular reportorial requirements with the SEC, which may be quarterly or annually depending on the type of industry. On the other hand, proprietorship businesses usually submit requirements with the DTI during registration and renewals. In other words, for small or home-based businesses, a sole proprietorship form of business is the easiest, fastest, and most affordable way to process and comply. The only drawback is that if you will register a sole proprietorship business now and you will convert it to a corporation in the future, you will need to process a formal closure of your business with the agencies you were registered (i.e., DTI, Mayor’s Office, BIR, and others) and register it again as a corporation which is a new, separate, and distinct legal entity.

By the way, if you’re a proprietor, your proprietorship business uses the same Taxpayer’s Identification Number (TIN) as yours. In other words, you and your business are the same entity for tax purposes. On the other hand, if you’re a shareholder in a corporation, the corporation uses a different TIN and is a separate entity for tax purposes. This also means that your proprietary business will be reflected in your personal ITR, while a corporation will file its own corporate ITR.

So, should you register a proprietorship business or a corporation? The choice is yours. Incorporation requires more financial, time and human resources. If you don’t have the money, if you’re not knowledgeable in the corporate setup, and if you don’t have a reliable bookkeeper or accountant who will help you on the process, then it may be wiser to initially register a proprietorship form of business.



The business registration process in our country can be a difficult task for small business owners who don’t have any idea what to do and where to go to register their business. That is why most of them are hiring bookkeepers to do this for them. Unfortunately, some micro or small business owners can’t even afford to pay a bookkeeper.

Speaking of micro businesses, under R.A. 9178, otherwise known as the “Barangay Micro Business Enterprises Act of 2002. If your business qualifies, you could enjoy privileges, such as income tax exemption, exemption from the coverage of the Minimum Wage Law, special credit assistance, and other support from the government.

Now let’s go back to the registration process. Actually, I have already written several articles about the different processes and steps of business registration with the different government agencies in the Philippines. Hence, you just need to read those posts for further details.

To have an idea and understand the business registration process, here is an outline of what you should do and where you should go to legalize your home-based business:

If you’re registering a sole proprietorship, you have to deal with the following offices:

1. Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) – to register your business trade name.

2. Mayor’s Office – to get a Mayor’s business permit and pay local business taxes.

3. Bureau of Internet Revenue (BIR) – to register your business, get TIN, apply for official receipts or invoices, register your books of accounts, and remit your national taxes (i.e., income tax, VAT or Percentage Tax, withholding tax, and annual registration fee).

4. Social Security System, Philhealth, and Pag-Ibig Fund – to register yourself as an employer and as a self-employed member.

5. Other government agencies – if your business needs secondary licenses. For example, pawnshops, money changer, money remittance businesses are required to register with the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP). Education providers may also be required to register with the DepEd, CHED or TESDA.

A Barangay business clearance is also a requirement to process your registration. You will go to the DTI first to register your trade name. Remember that your trade name will be the business name that will be printed in your Mayor’s Permit, official receipts and invoices.

Take note that having a certificate of registration from DTI doesn’t make your business legal or legitimate. It doesn’t give you the license to operate as a business. Your certificate of DTI registration is only a registration of your “Business or Trade Name”. It gives you the permit to use your “business name” but not the permit to operate as a business until you complete your registration with other agencies, like the Mayor’s Office and BIR.

In other cities of the Philippines, like Makati City, business registration can be a one-shop stop because of the government’s program to make business registration more efficient. Unfortunately, many cities and municipalities in our country are still not enabled for that.

Now if you’re registering a corporation or partnership, you should register your business first with the SEC. Basically, corporations and partnerships are not already required to register with the DTI since their company or corporate name will already serve as their trade name. Their corporate name will be the name that will be printed in the official receipts, invoices and other documents of the business.

So the difference between registering a corporate business and a proprietorship business lies only with the SEC and DTI. The first should register with the SEC, while the latter should register with the DTI. The next steps are the same. Both of them need to register with the Mayor’s Office, BIR, SSS, Philhealth, Pag-Ibig Fund, and other applicable agencies, as enumerated in the list above.


I have readers and followers of this blog who are asking me the following questions. So I’ll share my answers here.

1. Is a sole proprietorship business a company?

Yes it is a company, especially if you will register a trade name with the DTI and you will hire employees. You don’t need to register a corporation to have a company.

2. What if my business is only a home-based business, is it required to be registered with government offices?

If you are earning income, you are basically liable for income tax, and if you’re doing business, you are basically liable for business taxes, which can be either VAT or Percentage tax. Hence, you are required to register with the BIR and other agencies. You can make your home-office as your registered business address. You can also claim as business expenses or tax deductions the allowable expenses you will incur in your home-based business, such as the allocated rent, electricity, water, telephone, and improvement expenses that are directly related to your business operation. Your personal or residential expenses must be separated and not be included in your business expenses for tax purposes.

3. What if I am a professional and I don’t have employees, should I register myself?

If you’re not engaging in business yet you are providing services to clients, you are also earning income which can be taxable. Therefore, you are still required to register as a professional with the applicable government offices. If you will not use a “trade name”, and will only use your “full name”, you are not required to register with the DTI. You have to pay your professional tax with the Mayor’s Office and apply for registration with the BIR. Your full name will also be the name that will appear in your official receipts. Furthermore, you have to register yourself as a self-employed member with the SSS, Philhealth and Pag-ibig Fund.

4. I’m afraid to do transactions with government officers because of the negative things I heard from them like extortion and corruption, what should I do? There are actually laws in the Philippines that protect citizens from abusive and irresponsible government employees and officers. One of these laws that you should remember is Republic Act No. 9485 otherwise known as the “Anti-Red Tape Act of 2007?. The Anti-Red Tape law was enacted to improve efficiency in the delivery of government service to the public by reducing bureaucratic red tape and prevent graft and corruption in government agencies and offices. So the next time you transact with a government employee, tell him or her that you are fully aware of this law.


C Tees Digital Printing and Corporate Giveaway: Entrepreneur Me?

It is almost end of January but I haven’t written any post yet. My hands have been full these weeks. I missed more than a couple of posts. It’s about time to catch up!

Entrepreneur me? Let me share a short history of my interest in marketing/selling.

I have always been a trader ever since I was a child. I am fond whenever I earn even a little amount of money. I remember when I was in 2nd grade, I used to sell sets of scented stationery usually with stickers and envelopes. I can buy those for PhP10 each and sell them for PhP12 – PhP15. I gain PhP2 -PhP5 for each set depends on the sheets of paper and pieces of envelope. PhP5 in year 1988 is a lot. That time, the jeepney fare is only PhP1.00 to PhP1.50 if I am not mistaken. Not only my girl classmates are my patrons but also the boys, as they use it for writing letters to their crushes. Oh well! I do it once a week and they buy consistently. Thank you classmates! Then I save the money I earn in my wallet. Imagine 15 – 20 set of stationery every week with PhP2 – PhP5 gain? By the way, my mum Susie bought the first set of stationeries. Happy kid! Later in life I sell siomai when I was in college. Though my parents can sustain my studies, I am only doing it for pleasure purposes. I cook them as well. It was blockbuster (sold out) all the time I brought them. Then, as I grew older, I engaged in realty and earned a significant amount, good enough for a single lady enjoying life in diverse perspective.

These days, my family and I are fond of personalized shirts. We buy them for ourselves and as gifts to our loved ones. One day, I just woke up very eager to have a shirt printing business and thought of adding other corporate give away later on. We have target market such as call centers and my clients (companies) when I worked in a bank. Also a timely business for election campaign. I believe the Lord gave me the wisdom. I started searching for supplies and machines needed to make it happen. There were sleepless nights. Then, an incentive from my husband’s company came, enough to buy the starter package. So, there it is! A Digital Printing venture ready to take little steps at a time. What a way to start 2016! #Abundance

Have a look of what stuff we offer perfect for give away and souvenirs:

Since we are dealing with big companies, we have to secure a business permit and official receipt from BIR. We processed it one by one from DTI (single proprietor), Municipal/City Hall for Business Permit and BIR office in our town for the official receipt. I will write about each process in separate posts.

Thank you Lord! This serves as my testimony on how good the Lord has been.

How to Transfer RDO Address of BIR

I just want to share my knowledge when you need to change your RDO address.

Let’s go to the basics. RDO means Revenue District Office. Every TIN (Tax Identification Number) is registered to one RDO. For the list of Philippine RDO, click here. An employee’s RDO should be the same to that of his employer’s RDO for tax payment and reporting purposes.

So, if you are moving from one company to another, your new employer would ask you to change your TIN’s RDO from your previous employer’s RDO to the new employer’s RDO. To do this, you would need to fill-in BIR form 1905 and submit to your RDO. It’s good to note that  this form has many purposes other than change in RDO address.

Reminder: If not sure where your TIN is registered to, then verify (at any BIR office). This is important because this determines which RDO you need to submit the BIR 1905 for transfer. You cannot submit this form to just any RDO/BIR branch because they would not accommodate you. It has to be your TIN’s RDO.

Here’s an example. My TIN is registered to RDO 43A (East Pasig) because that is where my previous employer was filing my taxes. Then, if I just got hired to a company whose TIN is registered to RDO 040 (Cubao). Then this means that I need to request for a transfer of record.

I would then visit the RDO 43A branch which is located in 2nd and 3rd Floor Rudgen Building, Shaw Blvd. Brgy. San Antonio, Pasig City beside the office of SSS and infront of Pag-Ibig Fund. Then, I would fill-in two copies of BIR form 1905 and submit to the BIR personnel. Both stamped and signed will be returned to me which 1 form would have to be submitted to the new employer. The transfer of my record to RDO 040 would take effect within five days.

Here’s what needs to be filled-in on the form:

Front page, Top:BIR 1905 top

Front page, Bottom:

BIR 1905 bottom

Then do not forget to sign at the back page, at item number 5.

For inquiries, you may contact the details below:



Effective Call Center Interview Questions and Answers

Are you a newbie in the BPO industry or experienced, but trembles during the interview? Let me help you by sharing some of the possible Call Center Interview Questions and Answers.

  1. Tell me something about yourself

It looks simple, right? This question will set the mood of your conversation with the interviewer. DO NOT tell the interviewer what is on your Resume. If you do, why don’t you just tell her/him to read it. DO tell the interviewer about your hobbies, and your skills will be tackled along the way. If you tell the interviewer that you are into sports, (depends which one) it will show your competitiveness, being analytic, leadership and others. If you are a couch potato, you can talk about your family. Just add your favorite movies and television series. Just make sure what comes out of your mouth is really interesting.

  1. What is your idea of a call center?

You may say that people take in calls from different parts of the world, providing information needed with excellent customer service. Adaptability is one of the qualities required since people will have changes in schedule, mingle with different kinds of persons and different culture. This question is usually for the newbies in the industry. So, say something about how you perceive the background of the work, whether it is for a Sales Account, Technical Account, or Customer Service Account. DO NOT tremble. No answer is wrong, just speak your mind.

  1. Why did you apply in a call center?

You must have read the job posting to know who/what they are looking for. And that you have the skills required for the post. Tell the interviewer about your job from another industry or your experience in your practicum/OJT. You may have already experienced irate clients (whatever you call them) which required you to be more patient or be a good listener. The skills you have shown your previous job can also be applied in a call center, only with a higher pay and a chance to get promoted. DO NOT say that you want to improve your English communication skills or you need money to help your family or your kid. Tell the interviewer what you can contribute and not otherwise.

Lazada Philippines

  1. What are your strengths and weaknesses?

Some of the basic “strengths” that is needed in this industry are being patient, flexibility in schedule, has good communication skills, has good problem solving skills, analytical skills, multi-tasking and others. Answer with a very short example or story. The “weakness” part is the one that will surely make your interviewer write on the paper she is holding. Your weakness is, you work too much even beyond the shift. Overtime is something you are waiting for. DO NOT say any negative quality. What you have in mind  must turn into a positive one. If they insist on any other weakness, you can say that you are too friendly that people sometimes misunderstood you. Or it makes you upset to see colleagues who do not value their work. You get that?

  1. Why do you want to work in our company?

I suggest you to research a bit about the company you are applying for. If you are lazy to do such, you can say that you need a stable company to work for a long period. Maybe you can also say that they have morning shift. You want a normal life or close to it even if you work in a call center. You heard from a friend that the employees are satisfied with how the management run the company/account. In short, all those positive aspects of the company you are applying for. You may not compare them from your previous company. It is like having bad mouth. Leave that and look forward.

  1. What has been your greatest achievement?

Fresh graduate: Your college diploma (please include stories of any hardship and success)

Newbie/Job shifter: Your awards/recognition from previous jobs (please include stories of any hardship and success)

Experienced: Your awards/recognition from previous jobs (please include stories of any hardship and success)

You have to mention at least one. If none, you can say what you have learned from your personal/community/corporate experiences.

photo credit:

  1. Why did you leave your previous job/company?

DO NOT say anything bad about your previous company. Just like those being arrested, “Anything you say can and will be used against you.” You can say about the workload, or more time was spent unproductively. Express that you learned from those experiences and move forward from any mishaps. Respect.

  1. Any issue with your previous supervisor? How did you handle it?

Again, respect. Although you wanted to strangle the Avaya’s cord to your previous supervisor’s neck, just keep it. The answer is NO. You  make sure that disagreements are handled at once, towards an adaptable solution.

  1. How do you handle pressure (environment/caller/superior)?

It is important that you know your priorities. First things first. Urgent projects/tasks are work on primarily. Make a calendar, use a planner or a diary to get organized. Express apology if any mistake is committed. Hear them out and start from there. Make sure both of you are towards one goal – solution.

Lazada Philippines

  1. How do you manage “change”?

Just so you know, the call center industry has “changes” once in a while. It is more on unexpected time. DO NOT include it on your issue list. It is given, you should know what you are trying to get into. May it be changes in schedule, change of team members or team supervisor, change of target /goals, etc. Besides, the CONSTANT thing in this life is CHANGE. Expect more changes in the call center industry. Give examples of specific issues/problems you faced and how you handled them in the past. Mostly, what you have learned from that situation. Demonstrate a positive attitude in dealing with change. 

  1. How do you keep yourself focused in achieving your goal?
  • Feel good to look good to do good
  • Live a healthy lifestyle
  • Keep in mind the benefits you can earn
  • Motivate others to stimulate a positive environment
  • Know our targets and break them down one by one to ensure success
  1. What to do when asked to do a role play?

Please make sure before you start the dialogue, know the guidelines and the goal of the conversation. Be confident and be precise with every information coming out of your mouth. DO ask questions if necessary.

Lazada Philippines
 DO’s and DON’Ts During the Interview

  • Dress nicely
  • Come in on-time
  • DO NOT speak in Tagalog, no matter what
  • Talk slowly if you have to watch your accent and grammar
  • Maintain eye contact
  • Sit upright, DO NOT slouch
  • Be confident and authentic
  • Own your answers by using the word “I”
  • Acknowledge mistakes (if any) and correct yourself (It is a plus point)
  • Ask questions to show that you are really into the job
  • Smile (even if you are having a bad day)

Do’s Before the Interview

  • Sleep early
  • Read English magazines/books
  • Watch English movies/series
  • Listen to English radio stations
  • Ask someone to converse in English with you
  • If no one is available, speak English to yourself as a practice
  • Record your practice conversation (if possible) so you can listen to yourself and know where to improve

After reading the tips above, you are now ready to face the interviewer with confidence. Do not forget to maintain eye contact. Above all, BE TRUE TO YOURSELF.

Now, please hit LIKE (Facebook) at the upper right corner of the screen to get more interesting blogs. And feel free to share the outcome of your interview. Have Faith!